Spain in an International Context, 1936-1959

Spain in an International Context, 1936-1959

Spain in an International Context, 1936-1959

Spain in an International Context, 1936-1959

Synopsis

The essays in this collection emerged from a major international conference commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War on 17 to 18 July 1936.

Excerpt

The essays in this collection emerged from a major international conference commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War on 17 to 18 July 1936. Intending at first to focus on the international aspects of the Civil War years alone, the conference eventually became a forum for contributions on 'Spain in an International Context' during the period of the 'first Francoism'. This proved to be an apt expansion of the original more limited chronological framework. After all, following the Spanish Civil War--a truly internationalised conflict--the Franco regime continued to be closely connected to and affected by international developments. During the Second World War Spain never joined either of the belligerent camps, yet it still became embroiled in the conflict, usually in favour of the Axis. So much so that after the war most of the international community temporarily ostracised the Franco regime -- not just because it was 'founded on fascist principles', but also for the support it had given to the defeated fascist powers. Finally, from the late 1940s onwards another international development, namely the emergence and heightening of the East-West conflict, helped to ease Spain back into the international community, at least into its Western part.

This international historical 'chalk line' runs very clearly through all the essays in this collection, which has been arranged in near- chronological order. Yet, the conference was not simply an accumulation of summaries of the most important aspects of Spain's foreign relations during the period mid-1930s to late 1950s -- nor are the essays. Rather, the conference brought together a mixture of specialised and more general contributions from both historians of Spain as well as international historians. Much original research from archives in many countries, including not just Spain but also Britain, France, Germany, Russia and the United States, found its way into the essays which, for the purpose of this collection, have been expanded and revised by their authors.

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