The Soviet Design for a World State

The Soviet Design for a World State

The Soviet Design for a World State

The Soviet Design for a World State

Excerpt

The Soviet regime seeks "world revolution," "world domination," "world hegemony." Such are the vague, indeterminate phrases usually employed to describe the world-wide ambitions of the Soviet Union. But these concepts do not take us very far when measured against the pressing need to define issues and sharpen the outlines of the Soviet grand design.

This study has two closely related aims. The first and principal one is to reduce to concrete terms the meanings concealed in the commonly repeated, but seldom examined, clichés about Soviet purposes and goals. The second basic aim is to question the adequacy of the existing pattern of interstate relations in the non-Soviet world when viewed in the light of the concrete Soviet plan for the future.

Some observers contend that the description of Soviet intentions must necessarily remain vague, since the Kremlin's original zeal for refashioning the entire world into an exclusive Soviet pattern has been attenuated by the conservatism and inertia that overtake any vast bureaucratic apparatus as it becomes enmeshed in the difficulties of running a modern industrial society. The logic of industrialization and the demands of an efficient rational administration, it is held, will mellow a militant totalitarian regime, even one infused with an inexorable drive for boundless expansion, into a regime that is mildly authoritarian and capable of accommodation to the prevailing nationstate system. The Soviet leaders are undoubtedly subjected to certain sobering restraints by impersonal social and economic forces. But could not these impersonal forces also be manipulated and directed by the personal force of a political elite dedicated to the achievement of its own grandiose vision? If so, it becomes imperative to know precisely what it is that the Soviet leaders want.

Another much wider audience, less steeped in the concepts of an . . .

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