Canada-United States Treaty Relations

Canada-United States Treaty Relations

Canada-United States Treaty Relations

Canada-United States Treaty Relations

Excerpt

The year 1923 carries a special significance in the history of Canadian external affairs. It marks the Halibut Fisheries Treaty with the United States, the first treaty to be negotiated by Canada completely on her own. That the "first" Canadian treaty should have been concluded with the United States is appropriate. For among the mass of Canadian treaties, those with the United States are most conspicuous. The reverse also holds. Treaty commitments to Canada comprise a large and vital segment of the totality of United States international obligations. In other ways, too, is this complex of treaty relations impressive. Canada -- United States treaty obligations are long-lived, dating to the eighteenth century; numerous, running into the hundreds; encyclopedic, covering a multitude of subjects.

To survey in full and in detail the ambit of Canada -- United States treaty relations is not the design of this symposium. It attempts rather a balance and a blend -- a balance between depth and breadth, between sharp focus and panorama; a blend of diverse views, approaches, and perspectives.

The symposium opens on a broad theme. Professor Robert R. Wilson of Duke University discusses the significance of Canada -- United States treaty arrangements in relation to the development, both adjectival and substantive, of international law. Treaty relations of the two countries have lent emphasis to the peaceful settlement of disputes and to the use of the binational joint commission, and have contributed to fisheries and fluvial law. But some possible developments did not eventuate, such as the projected neutrality "rules" of the Alabama Claims and the ten-mile bay principle suggested in the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration. And there remain areas, Professor Wilson indicates, in which further strengthening of ties seems desirable. These would include inter-American . . .

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