The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite

The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite

The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite

The Emergence of the Modern Indonesian Elite

Excerpt

The first quarter of the 20th century witnessed an unprecedented growth and development of Indonesia or, as it was then called, Netherlands India. Not all aspects of this growth are treated in this book. The emphasis here is upon social change within this period, and most specifically social change among the leader group of Indonesian society. Indonesian society during this period is one segment of what I have chosen to call East Indian society. This latter would include all persons living in the Indonesian archipelago which, in addition to the Indonesians who were the most numerous, includes Europeans (mostly Dutch), Chinese, and Arabs. Because Indonesians gained political independence in 1949 and created an independent state, this study concentrates upon their social and political development. During the years covered by this study the leaders of Indonesian society were not the leaders of East Indian society, for the entire Indonesian population was in a subordinate colonial relationship to the Dutch. Indonesian social development, therefore, occurred in the context of a colonial situation and was strongly influenced by colonial policies, practices and attitudes of the Dutch. This book is an effort to analyze and interpret these colonial policies, practices and attitudes and show their effects upon Indonesian society while at the same time to analyze and interpret the dynamics of Indonesian society with specific emphasis upon the elite of that society.

Glancing beyond the limits of this book to the present-day, it would not be inappropriate to contend that the changes in leadership patterns in Indonesian society during the first quarter of the century formed the social foundation for political independence some years later. Within the scope of this study it can be said that the general course of Indonesian elite development . . .

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