From Hitler's Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942-1945

From Hitler's Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942-1945

From Hitler's Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942-1945

From Hitler's Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942-1945

Synopsis

For three years during World War II, future Director of Central Intelligence Allen Dulles commanded the OSS mission in Bern, Switzerland. From Hitler's Doorstep provides an annotated selection of his reports to Washington from 1942 to 1945. Dulles was a leading source of Allied intelligence on Nazi Germany and the occupied nations. The messages presented in this volume were based on information received through agents and networks operating in France, Italy, Austria, Eastern Europe, and Germany itself. They deal with subjects ranging from enemy troop strength and military plans to political developments, support of resistance movements, secret weapons, psychological warfare, and peace feelers. The Dulles reports reveal his own vision of grand strategy and presage the postwar turmoil in Europe.

One of the largest collections of OSS records ever published, these telegrams and radiotelephone transmissions from the National Archives provide an exciting account of the course of the European war, offer insight on the development of American intelligence, and illuminate the origins of the Cold War. They will interest diplomatic and military historians as well as specialists on modern Europe. This volume is almost unique as document-based intelligence history and serves as a badly needed bridge between diplomatic history and intelligence studies.

Excerpt

This volume is based primarily on the Operational Records of the Office of Strategic Services (Record Group 226) at the National Archives, Washington, D. C. The author is grateful for expert advice from John Taylor and Lawrence McDonald on the use of OSS records. I also appreciate the assistance I received from staff members at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University, repository of the Allen Dulles Papers; the U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, which houses the William J. Donovan Papers; and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, New York. I was fortunate to have the editorial assistance of my wife, Nancy Petersen, and the computer guidance of Joseph Longo. Richard Breitman, Dean Rexford, and James Dacey helped me obtain photographs. Sandy Thatcher, Peggy Hoover, and Andrew Lewis of Penn State Press provided support, encouragement, and first-rate treatment of the manuscript in editorial review and other aspects of the publication process.

Most messages reproduced in this volume are telegrams from Bern to Washington, with information copies often sent to London and Algiers or Caserta. When the telegram is directed to a location other than Washington, the heading so indicates. Information copies of such telegrams were generally transmitted to Washington. Telegrams from Bern to OSS Washington were usually designated "SI" (Secret Intelligence Branch) for action, with information copies to Director William J. Donovan and the OSS secretariat. Distribution is not indicated unless it had particular significance. Transmittal to the White House or State Department is often noted.

When a telegram was slugged for special handling according to topic, for instance BREAKERS, KAPPA, or AZUSA, this designation is reproduced in the first line of the telegram. The times of transmittal and receipt are not indicated in the text or annotation unless they had special significance. Telegrams from Bern were sometimes classified "secret." This security classification is not reproduced. A second category of message sent by Allen Dulles from Bern were radiotelephone transmissions, or "flashes." Less secure than telegrams, they usually bore the classification restricted," which is also not reproduced here.

When a document is not printed in its entirety, omissions are indicated by ellipses. Deletions were made in the interest of saving space, eliminating extraneous or repet-

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