Construction of Educational and Personnel Tests

Construction of Educational and Personnel Tests

Construction of Educational and Personnel Tests

Construction of Educational and Personnel Tests

Excerpt

Through six years of experience as a consulting psychologist for a state public personnel agency and nearly six years of teaching and clinical experience in psychology, the author has gathered data about and techniques of working with source materials to convert them into suitable tests for various purposes. This experience has included cooperation with experts in numerous occupational areas, including skilled and semiskilled trades, office procedures, professional social work, and law enforcement. The experience has also included investigations for the purpose of designing, writing, and compiling appropriate employment tests. Out of the rather disorganized materials and techniques the author has sifted the worth-while ideas, practices, and principles which appear most useful to those who must almost daily employ them.

Outside the academic fields there are two groups, rapidly increasing in size, which need a working knowledge of test construction. One of these includes examiners in Federal, state, county, and municipal civil service agencies. Many of such examiners have had courses in tests and measurements, but some have been promoted from clerical positions without special training in tests and measurements. Very few have had adequate training in the construction of tests. Inspection of a large sample of examinations for various occupations secured through an exchange agency has convinced the author that there is an evident need for an in-service training manual for the majority of civil service examiners.

The second of these nonacademic groups includes research workers engaged in test development, both in industry and in other agencies concerned with personnel selection and vocational guidance. Most of such investigators have adequate working knowledge of existing tests and statistical procedures. But industry requirements are continually changing; new tests must be continually devised and old ones both revalued and changed. Competence in test construction is simply a new basis for personnel directors to evaluate both their own proficiency and the proficiency of those who work under their direction.

Two overlapping categories, measures of aptitude and measures . . .

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