Work and Authority in Industry: Ideologies of Management in the Course of Industrialization

Work and Authority in Industry: Ideologies of Management in the Course of Industrialization

Work and Authority in Industry: Ideologies of Management in the Course of Industrialization

Work and Authority in Industry: Ideologies of Management in the Course of Industrialization

Excerpt

"Men living in groups," Mannheim once wrote, "act with and against one another...and while doing so they think with and against one another." Thinking "with and against one another" has been of consequence throughout recorded history; wars and civil wars have often been fought over contending religions and ideologies. This concern with the proper relations of men to men and the validity of their "Gods" has taken on a renewed intensity over the past two centuries as large segments of mankind have had to struggle with the question of the desirable structure and spirit of the new industrial society. Never during these two centuries has the intensity of this debate on a world-wide basis reached a greater peak than today -- and the end of this debate is nowhere in sight.

Bendix, in this broadly oriented study, is concerned with one aspect of this great debate -- the ideologies that the managers of the new productive techniques and their supporters have woven out of their own roles in the industrial order as these relate to the roles of the workers. Originally, particularly in England since it was the first nation to industrialize on any scale, a leading task was to justify industrialization itself (including particularly its more inhuman aspects) as against the more traditional agricultural and commercial pursuits. Bendix calls this "entrepreneurial ideology." It is no longer so necessary, for industrialization is by now well accepted in the more developed countries and avidly sought after in most of the less developed ones. The emphasis has turned, rather, to "managerial ideology," to an explanation . . .

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