The Third Force in China

The Third Force in China

The Third Force in China

The Third Force in China

Excerpt

It is important to remind ourselves that until Pearl Harbor, China was fighting against Japan, in World War II, singlehandedly and without any assistance from the outside. I think that all Chinese, no matter what their political loyalties, were united in their determination to oppose Japanese aggression. The desire to fight for the preservation of the land and for the maintenance of its independence and integrity, has had a long history, in China, and there was no reason to believe that it had grown any weaker during the struggle with Japan. I can very well cite my own experience by way of example. When in those days I was going with the government from Nanking to Hankow and finally to Chungking, the example of Wen TienHsiang was continuously in my mind. He was Prime Minister during the Sung Dynasty when China was invaded by the Mongols, and he died a martyr. So also, when the Ming Dynasty came to an end, there were patriots everywhere who were loyal to the Chinese throne, fought against the Manchus to the bitter end, and, refusing to collaborate with the enemy, went underground when their cause was all but lost.

This spirit among the Chinese, this willingness to fight for their country, was fully manifested during the war against Japan. They knew that Britain and France were fully occupied in Europe when Hitler started the war in 1937, so that any help from them was out of the question. The United States was then still uncertain of its policy, choosing to remain neutral at least for the time being. She gave a limited amount of moral and material support to China before 1941, but there was no reason to hope that she would come out openly on China's side.

From the time of Pearl Harbor the situation changed radically. It was then that the Sino-Japanese struggle became a part of World War II. Soon afterward there were conflicting opinions current in Great Britain and China as to whether the defeat of Germany or of Japan should have priority as a war aim. China had been fighting Japan for years, and she fully expected that the Japanese conflict . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.