The Golden Days of the Renaissance in Rome: From the Pontificate of Julius II to That of Paul III

The Golden Days of the Renaissance in Rome: From the Pontificate of Julius II to That of Paul III

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The Golden Days of the Renaissance in Rome: From the Pontificate of Julius II to That of Paul III

The Golden Days of the Renaissance in Rome: From the Pontificate of Julius II to That of Paul III

Read FREE!

Excerpt

In the fifth year of his rule Pope Leo X ordered a census to be taken of the inhabitants of Rome, and entrusted the task to the rectors of the one hundred and thirty-one parishes into which the city was ecclesiastically divided. The census was taken some time between the months of July, 1517, and November of the following year, as proved by two entries,--one relating to Lorenzo Campeggi, who was promoted to the cardinalship on July 1, 1517; the other to Madonna Vannozza, mother of Cæsar Borgia, who is mentioned as the living owner of a house in the parish of Santo Stefano in Piscinula, and who died an octogenarian on the 26th day of November, 1518.

The results of the census were registered in a deed, the original of which has been discovered by Mariano Armellini in codex M. 193 (125)of the Vatican archives; but, unfortunately, of the one hundred and fifty-six sheets that composed it, eighty-eight have been torn to pieces; yet, in spite of its fragmentary state, the document reveals some important facts. First, that the census was taken from a purely fiscal point of view, and therefore it does not indicate how many persons dwelt in a single house, or palace, or monastery, but only mentions the name, mother country, profession, and social condition of the owner of the property, and of the head of the family. Secondly, that the people in those days, as at present, objected to being registered in the government's books, and refused to answer the questions of . . .

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