Industrial Management in the USSR

Industrial Management in the USSR

Industrial Management in the USSR

Industrial Management in the USSR

Excerpt

The enormous tasks of expanding socialist industry require vast organizational work by organs of the state. Progressive methods of organization and of administration of production must be introduced and consolidated for the high-tempo growth of industrial output on the basis of the installation of new production capacity, and of the training of skilled workers, engineers and technical personnel. The new Five-Year Plan for rehabilitation and expansion of our national economy requires further increase in efficiency both centrally and locally. The need to master the output of civilian production on an ever-increasing scale, to assure technical progress and to master new technic, as well as other complicated tasks raise with greater acuteness the question of improving the level of organizational work.

An uninterrupted, organic connection exists between political and organizational leadership. Lenin said: ". . . One cannot exactly define which problem is political and which is organizational. Any political problem can be organizational, and vice versa. . . The political and the organizational cannot be mechanically divided." (1)

In developing Leninist teachings on the organizational factor, Comrade Stalin has given the classical definition of its meaning. He stressed that: ". . . After the correct political line is given, organizational work decides everything, including the fate of the political line itself, -- its fulfillment or failure." (2)

All activity in administering socialist production is subordinated to the following tasks: to assure the independence and freedom of Soviet economy from capitalist economy, to strengthen the undivided hegemony of the socialist system of economy, to close off all sources of the rise of capitalist elements, and to guarantee proportional development of the entire economy by establishing within it the best interrelations fully corresponding to the economic policy of the Party and government. These overall basic tasks are closely inter-connected and condition one another. In their concrete activity, all links in the administration of socialist production start with precisely these tasks, set for them by the Bolshevik Party.

The socialist character of our industry leads to the exceptionally great importance, unprecedented scope and depth of organizational and administrative work. The foundations of scientific method, of conscientious calculation, of the greatest efficiency and of planned development are laid in the very nature of our social structure.

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