Life and Letters in Roman Africa

Life and Letters in Roman Africa

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Life and Letters in Roman Africa

Life and Letters in Roman Africa

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Excerpt

'Die beiden Schöpfungen Caesars, das Keltenland und Nord- Africa, sind Trümmerbauten geblieben.'--MOMMSEN.

THE small proconsular province which was annexed by Rome at the close of the third Punic War, by the successive absorptions of the Tripolitan district and the client kingdoms of Numidia and Mauritania, had by the reign of Claudius grown to a domain extending from the Atlantic to the Greater Syrtis, and bounded on the south by the Atlas range and its continuations. It now included four provinces-- Africa proper, Numidia, Mauritania Cæsariensis, and Mauritania Tingitana--with the seats of government at Carthage, Cirta, Cæsarea, and Tingi, respectively. The district lay between two nearly parallel lines of mountains, the southerly separating it from the Sahara; the northern, of less altitude, sloping down to the Mediterranean shore, and having on the northern face the principal ports.

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