Manpower and Innovation in American Industry

Manpower and Innovation in American Industry

Manpower and Innovation in American Industry

Manpower and Innovation in American Industry

Excerpt

According to "Parkinson's Law," administrators and high-level functionaries are bound to multiply irrespective of the need for their services. On this score, one might attribute the recent spectacular increase of executives, staff experts, and professional personnel in American industry to empire building pure and simple. Indeed, there are some people who are convinced that a voracious appetite for high-level manpower may be more of an indicator of disease than of health in the modern business enterprise.

This study offers a contrary explanation for changes in the composition of employment. It relates the expansion in utilization of executives, managerial personnel, engineers and scientists to more fundamental economic forces operating in modern society. Its central conclusion is that the greater employment of high-talent manpower is the consequence of innovation and hence the pace of progress in American industry. In fact, the authors are convinced that continued economic progress will call for even more spectacular expansion in employment of hightalent manpower in the years ahead. And this leads to the more startling inference that economic growth in the future may depend as much upon effective generation and utilization of high-talent manpower as upon capital accumulation and the continued availability of natural resources. The required high-talent manpower, moreover, is not likely to appear as automatically or easily as many economists assume.

This monograph is the second of a series of analyses of high-talent manpower made by the Industrial Relations Section. The first -- High-Talent Manpower for Science and Industry -- contained two essays which set forth . . .

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