The Modal Personality Structure of the Tuscarora Indians as Revealed by the Rorschach Test

The Modal Personality Structure of the Tuscarora Indians as Revealed by the Rorschach Test

The Modal Personality Structure of the Tuscarora Indians as Revealed by the Rorschach Test

The Modal Personality Structure of the Tuscarora Indians as Revealed by the Rorschach Test

Excerpt

The aim of this study is to describe the type of psychological structure characteristic of the Tuscarora Indians of New York State. The community of Tuscarora under discussion is small, comprising about 600 persons living on a reservation 10 square miles in area, on the outskirts of Niagara Falls, N. Y. They belong to the group of peoples speaking northern-Iroquoian languages; more specifically, they are one of the "Six Nations" of the famous Iroquois Confederacy. Today they are heavily acculturated. From this group the writer has secured some 70 adult Rorschach protocols. These provide the basic data for the psychological analysis, which undertakes to answer the general question, "What is the type of psychological structure most characteristic of the adult Tuscarora Indians of this community, insofar as it can be inferred from the obtained Rorschach sample?"

This study is a part of two broad programs of anthropological research: the ethnological study of the Iroquois Indians of the Northeastern Woodlands; and the investigation of the relationships between personality and culture. It may be well to discuss at some length the ways in which the writer's affiliations with these programs have determined the nature of the present research and helped to define the problem here under attack.

THE HISTORY OF IROQUOIAN STUDIES

The Iroquoian-speaking peoples have attracted attention from travelers, missionaries, and scientists ever since Jacques Cartier encountered the "Laurentian Iroquois" on his exploring voyage up the St. Lawrence River in 1534. Extensive accounts of Iroquoian custom and behavior survive from the colonial period, in the published writings of Cartier, the Jesuit missionaries and the gentlemen-scholars of New . . .

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