Women in Industry: a Study in American Economic History

Women in Industry: a Study in American Economic History

Women in Industry: a Study in American Economic History

Women in Industry: a Study in American Economic History

Excerpt

The following investigation was begun in 1905 when I published jointly with Dr. S. P. Breekinridge, of the University of Chicago, with whom I was then studying, an analysis of recent census statistics dealing with the employment of women. The result of our statistical inquiry was to show that, while the present tendency was toward an increase in gainful employment among women, that increase had been only normal, considering the rate of increase in the population, in the group of industrial occupations designated in the census as " manufacturing and mechanical pursuits " while there had been a disproportionately large increase only in the occupational group "trade and transportation." With nearly a million and a half women in our manufacturing industries and no recent influx into the occupations in this group, it was evident that the presence of women in our mills and factories was not a new phenomenon; and it became a matter of interest to discover just how long and how far women had been an industrial factor of importance.

The employment of women, therefore, became a . . .

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