History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union


The Communist Party of the Soviet Union, founded and brought to maturity by the great Lenin, has travelled a historical road the like of which is unknown to any other political party in the world. Its history is a record of more than half a century of the heroic struggles, severe trials and epoch-making victories of the working class, the victories of Socialism.

At the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century the Party entered the historical arena and boldly led the working class and the peasantry into battle against the tsarist autocracy and Russian capitalism. The struggle against tsarism and capitalism in Russia was also a struggle against world imperialism. Russia became the centre of the world revolutionary movement. By arming the working class and the bulk of the labouring peasantry of Russia with the ideas of Marxism-Leninism, the Party ensured the victory of the people over the tsarist autocracy and the bourgeoisie.

Starting with small Marxist circles active in the working- class movement of Russia at the end of the nineteenth century, the Party developed into a great force which today directs a powerful Socialist State.

The Communist Party led the peoples of Russia through three revolutions: the bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1905-1907, the bourgeois-democratic revolution of February 1917 and the Great October Socialist Revolution, and brought the Soviet people to the victory of Socialism which opened a new epoch in world history. The Communist Party stood the test of two imperialist wars (the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 and the first world war of 1914-1918). The Communist Party headed the heroic struggle of the Soviet people in two patriotic wars--the Civil War of 1918-1920 and the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945--and successfully defended the Socialist Motherland against the assaults of a host of enemies.


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