Emerging Issues and Methods in Personality Assessment

Emerging Issues and Methods in Personality Assessment

Emerging Issues and Methods in Personality Assessment

Emerging Issues and Methods in Personality Assessment

Synopsis

This book constitutes a collection of articles that were written for, and recently published as, special sections in three consecutive issues of the Journal of Personality Assessment.

Part I provides lucid commentaries on the current status of and future issues regarding the Rorschach and MMPI-2 and other instruments, including the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory -- Adolescent (MMPI-A), the Interpersonal Adjective Scales (IAS-R), the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems -- Circumplex version (IIP-C), the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R), and the third edition of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III). The authors not only participated in the dvelopment of the instruments, but continue to lead the research effort in their application in both clinical and research settings.

Part II addresses several issues that have been recurring themes, and often topics of debate, in the research and professional literature. The contributors discuss the impact of the five-factor model on personality assessment, the issue of deception in personality assessment, and various critical issues in the measurement of mood states. Other articles focus on the integration of the MMPI-2 and Rorschach and the process that clinicians should follow when applying scientific knowledge to clinical practice.

Part III is primarily devoted to overviews of several statistical methods that are employed infrequently in personality assessment research, but have great potential in contributing to the understanding of the complex data sets often encountered in the measurement and study of personality. These articles serve as both an introduction and a brief tutorial for personality researchers who are unfamiliar with the subject matter. They are valuable references that will form the basis for evaluating the appropriate use of these methods in published research in their areas of interest.

Excerpt

This book represents a collection of articles that were written for, and recently published as, special sections in three consecutive issues of the Journal of Personality Assessment. The origins of the collection lie in several casual conversations with other personality assessment researchers at professional meetings over the past several years. As is often the case, these informal discussions were more stimulating and freewheeling than the formal presentations and focused on a broad range of topics including the merits of new and revised personality instruments, evolving methods of personality scale development, models of personality, and the appropriate use of complex and occasionally arcane statistical procedures as applied to data in personality assessment. Many of these conversations concluded that the topic of discussion would be a great theme for a symposium at the next national professional meeting. On rare occasions, this was in fact accomplished, but more commonly no tangible outcome resulted. In retrospect, however, the increasing frequency of these conversations appears to be a testimony to a groundswell of interest and activity in the study of personality in the broad sense--models, measurement issues, developmental pathways, and even molecular genetics (Benjamin et al., 1996; Ebstein et al., 1996).

We were subsequently invited by Bill Kinder, the editor of the Journal of Personality Assessment, to serve as action editors for a series of special sections focusing on methodologic issues and advances in personality assessment. We responded by organizing sections for three issues, addressing respectively present and anticipated research issues with commonly used personality instruments, current issues in personality assessment, and applications of statistical methods to personality assessment. Our subsequent solicitations of articles on specific topics were quickly accepted by a list of contributing authors whose names are wellknown to personality assessors. In fact, the reputations of contributing authors and the quality of their contributions suggested to the publisher of the Journal that the articles might be compiled into an edited text for distribution to a larger audience. Thus we were invited to organize this compilation.

The organization of this book parallels that of the Journal issues in which the articles originally were published in early 1997. No changes have been made in any of the substantive articles. Introductions to the special sections that appeared in each of the issues largely stand as they were originally published.

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