Socialization and Social Class

Socialization and Social Class

Socialization and Social Class

Socialization and Social Class

Excerpt

The process by which an individual finds his adult place in society occurs within a pre-existent social structure. One of the features of that structure is that it is stratified, organized in levels of varying prestige. In a society such as ours, which highly values open access to all levels for all men, the fact that sons tend to occupy levels similar to those occupied by their fathers presents a problem. Does such continuity from one generation to the next constitute evidence of restricted access, or does it mean that, even within an open system, some will predictably attain higher levels than others? If the latter is the case, should the society provide mechanisms to compensate for the lack of potential so that everyone will, in fact, have equal potential for attainment?

This volume is more relevant to the first of these two questions than the second. It seeks to provide a basis for understanding how intergenerational continuity and discontinuity come about. It discusses the process of development of the individual through the pre-adult years with special reference to variations in that process that are associated with the individual's level . . .

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