A Preface to Metaphysics

A Preface to Metaphysics

A Preface to Metaphysics

A Preface to Metaphysics

Excerpt

In this and the two following lessons I want to invite your particular attention to the subject matter of metaphysics, being as such. I shall not adopt any formal academic procedure, but shall rather attempt to bring home to you certain preliminary truths on which too little stress is often laid at the outset, though the mental attitude of modern philosophers educated in idealism makes it particularly necessary to do so.

The most important texts dealing with the questions treated in this lecture and the next are Aristotle Metaphysics and St. Thomas' Commentaries (St.Thomas' Pramium , Book III (B), lecture 12, and above all Book IV, lectures 1 and 4; also Book VI, particularly the first two lectures). You may also consult the two works of Père Garrigou-Lagrange on the Philosophy of Being and on God and Cajetan Commentary on the De Ente et Essentia .

Statement of the Problem.

2. As you know, it is a fundamental doctrine of scholastic philosophy that the formal object of the intellect is being. In the case of the human intellect there are two levels, two states or two quite distinct phases to be taken account of.

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