The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War

The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War

The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War

The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War

Excerpt

One of the first American penologists and lawyers to draw attention to the need for an inquest into the criminal character of the Nazi war regime was Professor Sheldon Glueck. In 1944 some time before the end of the war, he wrote War Criminals: Their Prosecution and Punishment which was a pioneer contribution to this subject. Until his work was published, discussion of the Nazi misdeeds had been largely in terms of political condemnation rather than of legal prosecution.

When negotiations for a Four-Power agreement for the trial of Nazi war criminals began in London in June 1945, Professor Glueck's book was one of the few published studies of the problems involved in trial. When I was appointed as Representative and Chief of Counsel for the United States, he became an Advisor during those negotiations. As captured documents began to pour in, he also devised a system for summarizing and indexing them, so that a large mass of material could be readily available on any particular point. His original plan is substantially the system pursued throughout the Nürnberg trial. Dr. Glueck's study of the basis of criminal liability of the Nazi . . .

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