Pan-Slavism: Its History and Ideology

Pan-Slavism: Its History and Ideology

Pan-Slavism: Its History and Ideology

Pan-Slavism: Its History and Ideology

Excerpt

The following pages present the first attempt at a comprehensive survey and analysis of the history and ideology of Pan-Slavism in the English language. They originated in a series of lectures which the Committee on International Relations of The University of Notre Dame invited me to deliver there. I wish to thank the Committee and the University of Notre Dame Press for their cooperation in making the appearance of the book possible. It may help towards a better understanding of the complex problems which the emergence of the Slav nations, above all of Russia, to full political and cultural participation in the life of the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries created, for them, for the other peoples, and for Western civilization. Perhaps the twentieth century may confirm the proud faith of some of the fervent Slavs of the preceding century, who regarded the Slav problem as the most important that mankind faces. Though this may be a typical nationalist exaggeration, there can be little doubt about the need of a deeper study of Slav history and aspirations. The student of "the Slav world," who is familiar with other forms of nationalism, especially in central Europe and in Asia, will note that Slav attitudes are in no way unique but fit well into the general pattern of the age of nationalism. Above all, there is no clearly defined or unified Slav attitude. The aspirations and trends of the different Slav peoples are varied and often contradictory. Even Pan-Slavism itself has meant different things to different Slav groups: and there have been many Slavs who rejected Pan-Slavism or any separation, on racial or linguistic grounds, from the general course of Western civilization.

During my work on this book, I received much help from my friends, Mr. Wallace Sokolsky, my colleague at City College of New York, Mr. Ruben Weltsch of the Cincinnati University Library, and . . .

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