The End of Apartheid in South Africa

The End of Apartheid in South Africa

The End of Apartheid in South Africa

The End of Apartheid in South Africa

Synopsis

The complex history and politics of South Africa form the backdrop of this insightful study of the factors that contributed to both the end of apartheid and the movement from government by racial division toward government through national unity. This study and resource examines the history, people, and politics of South Africa in the age of apartheid. Topical essays examine the divisions within South African society that led to the historic apartheid legislation initiated in 1948; each group that was defined and separated by apartheid--whites, coloreds, Indians, and Africans; how this separation put increasing pressure on the system that gave rise to organized domestic resistance that eventually led to the collapse of apartheid; the economic sanctions imposed by other nations on South Africa in retaliation for apartheid; and the new government and the challenges of a new democracy.

Excerpt

Every facet of South Africa is complex: its people, politics, economy, and even geography. To get some sense of the country's recent history and momentous change, an examination of South Africa's background, divisions, and the internal and external pressures on the South African government is necessary. Through this approach, this book attempts to give a broad picture of the political and social factors that influenced the end of apartheid. It also explores as much as possible the actual events that signified the change from government by racial division to government through unity and political and social liberty.

The history of the South African state provides understanding of the source of racial divisions that became part of government legislation in 1948. Explanation of the separation of groups -- and groups within groups -- shows how the apartheid system developed and operated. By the same token, examination of group separation shows the increasing pressure these divisions put on the apartheid system and the rise of resistance to apartheid. A discussion of the political parties that arose before and during apartheid further highlights the divisions within South Africa. Pressure and resistance were matched by growing international pressure on the South African government in the 1970s and 1980s, which contributed to the system's collapse. An overview of recent events since the 1994 free election reveals the achievements and problems of South Africa's postapartheid government.

The documents selected for this book are intended to give a direct sense of legislative and political changes that occured in South Africa during and af-

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