Ideologues and Ideologies in Latin America

Ideologues and Ideologies in Latin America

Ideologues and Ideologies in Latin America

Ideologues and Ideologies in Latin America

Synopsis

The chapters in this volume provide a varied yet consistent analysis of the ways in which ideologies have been used, misused, or abandoned in Latin America in the twentieth century. The volume offers scholars and students a challenging collection of interpretations of and explanations for the ways in which ideologues and ideologies have played a crucial role in the political development of the continent. And, while illuminating key reasons for the rise and fall of specific ideologies and their repeated betrayal throughout the century--from anarchism to communism, to socialism, to Peronism, to neoliberalism--the volume indicates how much there is still left to learn about the importance of ideological discourse in the mind and polity of Latin America. With chapters examining Mexico, Chile, Cuba, Paraguay, and Argentina, this work will be of interest to all Latin Americanists.

Excerpt

Since 1994 my research has focused on political thought in Independent Mexico, 1821-1853. Given that in 1996 I had started to work on a study on Mexico in the Age of Proposals, 1821-1853, I was interested, in comparative terms, to see how ideologues and ideologies had, in fact, influenced or not, the political process in other Latin American countries since independence. For what were clearly selfish reasons I was particularly interested in seeing other scholars at work, concentrating on the same issues that were obsessing me, albeit regarding different countries and different historical contexts. the hope of stealing some of their ideas in order to apply them to my own ongoing work, into the ideologies of Mexico during the early national period, formed part of my motivation in inviting other specialists to reassess the importance of ideological discourse in their own fields of interest. Therefore, I organized a symposium on "Ideologues and Ideologies," which was held at the University of Leeds during the annual conference of the Society for Latin American Studies (SLAS), March 29-31, 1996.

At a time of "ideological crisis" it seems apt to reconsider the importance of ideological discourse. This became all the more obvious to me when twenty scholars came forward proposing to give papers in my session, and when, of all the symposia that took place during the conference, this one was the one that attracted most delegates. It is evident that the apparent absence of ideological dialectics in the world at large, at the turn of the century, is a concern shared by the majority of academics. This volume is the result of the symposium. Evidently, in order to present a more coherent and consistent book, only eleven of those twenty papers are included. the process of selection meant that the nineteenth century was left out, and therefore, this volume concentrates specifically on the twentieth century.

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