Management in the Industrial World: An International Analysis

Management in the Industrial World: An International Analysis

Management in the Industrial World: An International Analysis

Management in the Industrial World: An International Analysis


Management is viewed quite differently by different people. Some think of it as a series of functions to be performed by entrepreneurs, managers, or supervisors. Workers identify management with "the bosses" who exercise authority over their working lives. Others think of it as a class or elite in society which has definable status and power. Management, indeed, is all of these things and perhaps more, and if it is to be understood, it must be viewed from several perspectives. In industrial societies, it has economic, social, and political dimensions.

The purpose of this study is to trace the logic of management development as related to the processes of industrial growth. Our concern is more with the dynamics of development--the basic trends of managerial growth--than with an analysis of particular practices at any point of time. In short, we have concentrated on the processes of evolution of management and the forces which are likely to mold its future development.

In this volume, we analyze management in three different ways: first as an economic resource, second as a system of authority, and third as a class or elite. We also have considered the processes by which management resources must be generated in industrializing countries. As the title of the volume suggests, we have attempted to make a wide ranging international analysis. Our aim has been to present a concept which may be relevant to advanced industrial societies as well as to those in the early stages of industrial development.

For the most part, the material for this study grows out of field work by ourselves and our colleagues who have contributed separate essays.

We have had some opportunity to look firsthand at management and industrial development in twenty-three countries in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Sub-Sahara Africa, and South America. We have also drawn heavily on available written material relating to management in the United States and in foreign countries.

This volume appears as a joint product of the Industrial Relations Section of Princeton and the Industrial Relations Section of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology . . .

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