Adolescence: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives

Adolescence: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives

Adolescence: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives

Adolescence: Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives

Synopsis

Integrating diverse scientific data, this book relates the biological versus psychosocial aspects of adolescence. Relevant data from scientific literature have been pulled together into a systematic presentation of the biological and psychosocial issues of contemporary adolescence. Part I describes the biological and sociopsychological developmental processes; Part II focuses on the special problems of contemporary adolescents; Part III analyzes the causes of the problems and discusses tentative remedies. Written for psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, and anthropologists.

Excerpt

In 1965 I was one of the invited speakers at the "Conference on Adolescence," presented by the International Association of Social Psychiatry. Because the conference took place in London, most of the participants were British psychiatrists and psychologists, but there were many experts in other fields and from other countries.

The views expressed at the conference were highly diversified. Some participants defended the recapitulation theory of G. S. Hall (1904). Others stressed Hall's view of adolescence as a "storm and distress" period. Biologically oriented experts focused on the physiology of pubertal changes, and some social psychiatrists and social psychologists viewed the "rebellion of youth" as a positive, sociocultural phenomenon that augured a better future for humanity. The amount of research work was rather sparse.

The years 1966 to 1968 witnessed a spectacular qualitative and quantitative upsurge of research works, longitudinal studies, and comprehensive surveys related to adolescence; suffice it to mention here the California and Fels Longitudinal Studies, among many others. In the 1970s several research workers stressed the need for a more thorough analysis of the transition from childhood to adolescence (Hamburg, 1974; Lipsitz, 1977). A great number of research works and encyclopedic reviews appeared in the 1970s and 1980s, among them Adelson, 1980; Coates, Petersen, and Perry, 1982; Conger and Petersen, 1984; Jessor and Jessor, 1979; Kandel and Lesser, 1972; Keating and Clark, 1980; Lerner and Foch, 1987; Magnusson, 1987; Offer and Offer, 1975; Petersen and Hamburg, 1986; Rutter, 1980; Santrock, 1987; Steinberg, 1985; Van Hasselt and Hersen, 1987; Wolman, 1982a; Wolman, Egan, and Ross, 1978; and numerous other works.

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