Desert Drums: The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, 1540-1928

Desert Drums: The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, 1540-1928

Desert Drums: The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, 1540-1928

Desert Drums: The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, 1540-1928

Excerpt

IN CAMP NEAR SANTA FE
July 29, 1849

SIR: --

You are already advised of my departure from Fort Leavenworth on the 16th of May, and I have now to inform you that we reached Santa Fe on the 22nd of the present month, having been employed in marching 49 days, our halting days numbering 19. This you will perceive is the 8th day in camp at this place, not having been able to procure quarters elsewhere. I have the promise, however, of an adobe building at the enormous rent of $100 per month, to which an additional expenditure must be made to Americanize it so that it may be inhabited with any degree of comfort. All the buildings in Santa Fe are of mud, with floors and covering for the roof of the same material. . . .

-- Extract from Calhoun's First Field Report

IN this manner the first and most picturesque of the Southwestern Indian Agents, the man who would become first Territorial Governor of New Mexico, reported his arrival at his designated post. He had been appointed April 7, 1849, and with his commission received, among other important enclosures, "a copy of the late Treaty with Mexico."

This Treaty -- that of Guadalupe Hidalgo, marking the close of the War with Mexico -- may be termed the Magna Carta of the Pueblo Indians; a document drawn . . .

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