Fundamentals of Philosophy

Fundamentals of Philosophy

Fundamentals of Philosophy

Fundamentals of Philosophy

Excerpt

The present work attempts to provide textbook material for a thoroughgoing introductory course in philosophy. The authors have sought to meet the intellectual abilities of a beginner in philosophy without disparagement to the recognized dignity and difficulty of philosophical knowledge. Nearly all of the chapters are revised statements of material which, in mimeographed form, received extended testing in actual classroom use. To facilitate the studying of the book, special effort has been made to acquaint the student definitely with the outline followed by the authors in the organization of their discussions.

The general standpoint of the book is that philosophy is the preëminent instrument for the evaluation, unification, and justification of the higher cultural interests of man. Specialization of thought and action is, of course, recognized as a necessary condition for the progress of the human race, but the narrowness of intellectual outlook which frequently characterizes the contemporary specialized mind seriously needs the correction and supplementation of the criticizing and harmonizing ministries of philosophy. Science, morality, art, and religion must be investigated individually and analytically if their origin, nature, and value are to be understood; but, after all, they must be treated as interpenetrating and interdependent if the unity and extent of human experience is to receive adequate appreciation. This norm of the oneness of knowledge legitimately requires, we believe, that philosophy should be faithful both to the established findings of science and to the persistent claims of the spirit. To the authors, the notion which seems most satisfactorily to meet the ideal of a sympathetic . . .

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