Smoke in the Hills: Political Tension in the Morogoro District of Tanganyika

Smoke in the Hills: Political Tension in the Morogoro District of Tanganyika

Smoke in the Hills: Political Tension in the Morogoro District of Tanganyika

Smoke in the Hills: Political Tension in the Morogoro District of Tanganyika

Excerpt

The seeds of the changes overtaking Africa were planted many years ago, even with the development of "Indirect Rule," when the dynamics of modern politics were injected into traditional political systems. Everywhere (or almost everywhere) the old patterns of society, the old political controls which governed people's lives, are being modified by challenging new demands. The Western world with its special types of political institutions, its technical knowledge, its standards of competence, and its emphasis on the value of the individual has promoted dissatisfaction with the old political order, and demand for change comes from within African society itself.

As change comes, the older methods of controlling society may be less than satisfactory, but the newer methods may not please everyone. Political crises may occur when change does not bring stability or satisfy the people, a point discussed later in the crisis over land terracing in the Uluguru Mountains. Not everyone favors change--or change at the same rate and in the same direction--and new ideas and methods may be resisted by those who feel themselves threatened. There are conflicting sets of norms, and the value to be given to each, of deciding what aspects of the modern should be adopted and what aspects of the traditional should be retained, raises problems that have no obvious solution.

Africa is everywhere facing a political problem, now further accentuated as the reins of overseas colonial control are slackened and increased authority is assumed by African political leaders. That problem is one of establishing political institutions that are efficient, stable, and integrated effectively with the society they . . .

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