China's Foreign Relations: 1917-1931

China's Foreign Relations: 1917-1931

China's Foreign Relations: 1917-1931

China's Foreign Relations: 1917-1931

Excerpt

The well-known work of Dr. H. B. Morse on the International Relations of the Chinese Empire divided the history of China's modern contact with the Western world into three periods. Of these the first was the Period of Conflict, which lasted until 1860. It was followed by the Period of Submission, extending to 1894 and was succeeeded by the Period of Subjection. A fourth period, which might be called the Period of Recovery, began in 1917. In that year China entered the World War on the side of the Allies, and Russia threw off the yoke of the Tsars. One result of China's formal participation in the war was the abrogation of her treaties with Germany and Austria- Hungary. The Russian Revolution provided the Chinese with an opportunity to terminate a second group of treaties providing for special political rights in China. Thus the foundations of the treaty régime were badly shaken, and a step was taken toward the realization of China's ambition to be mistress in her own house.

If the year 1917 marked the opening of a new era in China's foreign relations, perhaps the year 1931 marked the end of that era. On the night of September 18, 1931, an attempt was made to dynamite a section of the Japanese-owned South Manchuria Railway, just north of the city of Mukden. Careful students are not yet prepared to say whether the damage, not very great in any case, resulted from a Chinese or a Japanese plot to damage the railway. The incident marked the climax, however, of a long series of irritations produced by Japan's peculiar interests in Manchuria and the resentment of Chinese Nationalists against the political aspects of those interests. Acting swiftly, and without waiting for advice from the cabinet . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.