The Vatican and the War

The Vatican and the War

The Vatican and the War

The Vatican and the War

Excerpt

After spending seven years in Rome as New York Times correspondent, I returned to the United States in June 1942, and one of the questions I was asked most often was: is the Vatican for us or against us? The general belief at home seemed to be that Pope Pius XII was sitting on the fence watching which way the war was going while preparing to join the victorious nations. Why hadn't he openly condemned the Axis powers? Why hadn't he joined the United Nations? In other words, there was a deep-rooted suspicion that the Vatican was playing both sides in the war, and that it had not taken a firm, unswerving stand.

The covering of Vatican and Italian new for The Times gave me the opportunity of being an eyewitness to the struggle that both Pius XI and Pius XII waged against Nazism and Fascism, when it became clear that the Axis powers were not to be deflected from a policy of aggression aiming to enslave the free peoples of Europe.

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