Priests & Kings

Priests & Kings

Priests & Kings

Priests & Kings

Excerpt

When cultivation leads to permanent settlement and this, again, to intercourse and trade, villages may grow into cities and written records may be kept; kings and priests then become prominent features of civilization.

The present volume sketches this phase of evolution, and the authors have ventured to use the reckoning of the earliest records, with a few adjustments that have been explained. The dates given must, however, be considered quite tentative, however exact they may appear, for the authors have felt it unwise to reduce them to 'round figures'.

The rise of kings and priests in the old riverine lands is followed by great spreads into Europe and Asia of peasants and traders; the descriptions of these movements make use of much recently published work. These descriptions are supplemented by a short sketch of the drifts of mankind and of his racial types, because these later but supremely important drifts seem to be linked up with the great spreads of civilization here described.

Many thanks are due to the authors, editors, and publishers of the following works and journals for permission to reproduce figures: Mémoires de la Société Royale des Antiquaires du Nord, 1908-9 (Gyldendalske Boghandel Nordisk Forlag, Copenhagen), for fig. 1 (right); Vorgeschiehte Nordamerikas, 1894, by E. Schmidt (Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, Brunswick), for fig. 2; The Royal Tombs of the Earliest Dynasties, Part II, by W. M. Flinders Petrie (Egypt Exploration Society), for figs. 4 and 34; Beni Hasan, Part I, by P. Newberry (Egypt Exploration Society), for fig. 40; The Babylonian Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania: Series A: Cuneiform Texts, vol. xx, part I, by H. V. Hilprecht (Dept. of Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania), for fig. 5; Vasiliki, by R. Seagar (The Museum of the University of Pennsylvania), for fig. 57; Annual of the British School at Athens, vol. vii, for fig. 65; vol. x, for figs. 5 8, 59, and 66; and vol. xxii, for figs. 73 and 74; A History of Egypt, 2nd edition, by J. H. Breasted (Scribner's Sons, U.S.A.; Hodder & Stoughton, Ltd., England), for figs. 11, 46, 47, 53, and 54; A History of Sumer and Akkad, by L. W. King (Chatto & Windus), for . . .

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