Fascism and National Socialism: A Study of the Economic and Social Policies of the Totalitarian State

Fascism and National Socialism: A Study of the Economic and Social Policies of the Totalitarian State

Fascism and National Socialism: A Study of the Economic and Social Policies of the Totalitarian State

Fascism and National Socialism: A Study of the Economic and Social Policies of the Totalitarian State

Excerpt

It would seem almost inevitable that a student of Russian Bolshevism should yield sooner or later to the temptation to examine the ideas and institutions of Fascism and National Socialism. In spite of the open hostility that exists between the U.S.S.R., on the one hand, and Fascist Italy and National Socialist Germany, on the other, there are striking similarities between them; similarities that lie perhaps not so much in the principles as in the methods of the two antagonistic systems. Intellectual curiosity sometimes works with greater precision than does economic determinism. I have long been interested in the Soviet Union, in the evolution of Communist ideas and of the economic institutions of the proletarian State. In the end this has led me to embark upon a more intensive examination of the experiments that are being conducted in Italy and Germany. The present book is the outcome of this intellectual adventure. The task has been a fascinating one, but it has also been one full of pitfalls and dangers. An obvious difficulty that the student of Fascism and National Socialism has to face is presented by the processes of continuous remodelling at work in the institutions of Italy and Germany. Although in Italy Fascism has been in control for thirteen years the Corporate State is still . . .

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