The Conservation of Ground Water: A Survey of the Present Ground-Water Situation in the United States

The Conservation of Ground Water: A Survey of the Present Ground-Water Situation in the United States

The Conservation of Ground Water: A Survey of the Present Ground-Water Situation in the United States

The Conservation of Ground Water: A Survey of the Present Ground-Water Situation in the United States

Excerpt

Since the end of World War II there has been a rather sharp divergence in published opinions regarding the national ground-water situation. The use of ground water in agriculture and industry increased greatly during the War. By 1945 this use had become about twice what it had been ten years before.

In 1948 The Conservation Foundation discussed this diversity of opinion with several ground-water authorities, who confirmed the need for analysis on a national scale of the detailed information collected from various parts of the country. A committee, composed of Dr. Abel Wolman of The Johns Hopkins University, Edward N. Munns of the U.S. Forest Service, Carl G. Paulsen and Dr. A. Nelson Sayre of the U.S. Geological Survey, and Homer Wells of the U.S. Soil Conservation Service, agreed to advise the Foundation in a project to summarize the national situation on the basis of the detailed information available. This volume is the report of that project, which was undertaken by the author during the year beginning July 1949. It is based upon published reports, unpublished data, and discussions with technical men in various Federal, state, and private agencies studying problems pertaining to ground water.

The author is extremely grateful for the guidance and great help given him during this project by each member of the Advisory Committee under the chairmanship of Dr. Wolman. Their personal interest in the success of the survey and their valuable criticism of the manuscript have contributed much to the clarity and comprehensiveness of this report.

The descriptions and conclusions of this report are based largely on the work of hydrologists and other scientists who carry on research on water-resource, and particularly ground-

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