Soviet Russian Dialectical Materialism (Diamat)

Soviet Russian Dialectical Materialism (Diamat)

Soviet Russian Dialectical Materialism (Diamat)

Soviet Russian Dialectical Materialism (Diamat)

Excerpt

This book offers a critical outline of the sources of the history, of the spirit and of the doctrines of present-day Soviet Russian Dialectical- Materialism ('Diamat'), i.e. of the philosophical foundations of Marxism- Leninism. It is scarcely necessary to stress the usefulness of a short outline of this kind, as Russian sources are not easily accessible in the West and as it is of considerable interest to know the doctrines which make up the faith of the Communists in all countries.

The material for this book was first made public in a series of lectures at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland), first in French in the summer term of 1949, later in English at the Summer School in the same year. The French text, slightly expanded, was translated into German by Miss M. Hoerkens, Dipl. rer. pol. Various imperfections in the wording of the text and in the bibliography can be explained by the process of formation of this book. The author hopes that such imperfections will not prove disturbing.

PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION

Considerable difficulty arose in the preparation of this edition from the fact that since Stalin's 'demotion' as a 'classic' and as an unquestioned authority (February 25, 1956), the situation in Dialectical Materialism in the USSR has become somewhat strange: actually all the literature on Dialectical Materialism ought to be re-written since almost all of it has slavishly followed Stalin's interpretation; at the time of writing, however, (August 1956) this - so far as I know - has not happened; indeed, it is difficult to imagine how this could have been effected so quickly.

On the other hand Stalin's interpretation of Lenin's ideas, though often superficial, seems to be substantially correct; and Lenin remains the unquestioned authority in Soviet Russia and in all the Communist countries. And so if something different is to replace Stalinism in the . . .

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