Globalization of the Automobile Industry: The United States, Japan, and the People's Republic of China

Globalization of the Automobile Industry: The United States, Japan, and the People's Republic of China

Globalization of the Automobile Industry: The United States, Japan, and the People's Republic of China

Globalization of the Automobile Industry: The United States, Japan, and the People's Republic of China

Synopsis

Yang analyzes the impact of globalization on national economic boundaries, using the automobile industry to contrast three different economic systems. Corporations emerge as new players in international relations. Their corporate policies and manufacturer-supplier linkages influence the international division of labor among modern nations. Their competitive strategy affects the ability of governments to regulate national economies. Scholars in international, regional, and developmental economics will find this work provides interesting material on global competition.

Excerpt

Since 1949, both political actors and academic analysts have assumed that the force of nationalism will be in continuous decline, whereas political and economic integration is the wave of the future. Yet the end of the Cold War has encouraged balkanization of the world as well as a mounting demand for cultural nationalism. Even where eventual political integration is taken for granted, nationalist aspirations have re-asserted themselves. Meanwhile, the world economy is being integrated by global corporations whose capital, technology and firm organization are making those same national boundaries more and more porous. This book deals with the seeming contradiction between rising nationalism and globalism.

It is now possible for cultural identity to express itself through political boundaries, yet be a part of the global economy at the same time. It appears that political and economic boundaries need not necessarily converge any more. To illustrate this point, I have selected three countries, the United States, Japan, and the People's Republic of China, for a comparative study. In these societies, the relationship between government and economy, the ways in which inter-firm organizational relationships have evolved, and the manner in which their national economies are regulated are all very different. Yet these patently divergent societies have all been affected by the globalization process and are converging in economic organization. I have chosen to study the automobile industry, an industry which has made significant contributions to the national economies of these countries and which has played an important role in both creating and maintaining the advanced industrial societies.

This book is the product of generous help from several people. My special thanks goes first of all to Dr. Ishwer C. Ojha. Some time ago, he challenged me to experiment with a conceptual approach to . . .

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