Building Expert Systems in Training and Education

Building Expert Systems in Training and Education

Building Expert Systems in Training and Education

Building Expert Systems in Training and Education

Synopsis

This volume develops a process for building expert systems. As the field of instructional technology matures, it is becoming clear that technological process used when examining a problem determines the quality of information entered in a program and the ultimate effectiveness of the designed solution. This volume provides a process intended for small-scale expert systems solutions for instructional problems. Hardware independent, it provides a repertoire of practical tools and processes that can be used to select, define, and structure problems. Particular focus is placed on problems associate with education and training.

Excerpt

As research results come in and as the field of instructional technology matures, it becomes increasingly clear that while technological devices have much to contribute to instruction, it is technology in the form of process that makes the largest difference in instructional effectiveness. This opinion on the importance of process is the overriding force behind the development of this text. While computers (technological devices) make it possible for us to do things we could not do before the advent of computers, they also force educators and performance technologists to use more disciplined thinking processes -- this discipline may be the chief advantage to the integration of computers into training and education.

The belief that discipline, in the sense of rigor, and process are the most important factors in instructional design is reflected here. This text provides a process to develop expert system solutions that contribute to the solutions of instructional problems. This book's primary function is to help instructional designers derive the components of a problem that can be entered into an expert system shell. It is process-oriented and hardware independent. That is, it does not matter much which expert system computer program you use, for the ultimate effectiveness of an expert system solution depends on the quality of the information entered into the program; this information comes from the process used when analyzing the problem. Therefore, the technology described here may be used with a number of different programs for a variety of purposes, though the focus of this text is on problems associated with education and training.

Though the method described here is fairly general, we intend that it be used for small-scale expert system solutions. We focus on narrowly defined examples that can be implemented in small personal computer sys-

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