China and Japan: History, Trends, and Prospects

China and Japan: History, Trends, and Prospects

China and Japan: History, Trends, and Prospects

China and Japan: History, Trends, and Prospects


This book is a remarkable attempt to understand and summarize the current and historical Sino-Japanese relationship: two countries bound by ties of history, culture, geography, and economic complementarity. Through this investigation, the contributors are also able to broaden our understanding of contemporary changes in international relations, and to consider the implications of changes in the Sino-Japanese relationship for the wider world. All contributors are well-known experts in their fields. This volume deals with the history of contact, the economic imperatives driving the links, the diplomatic and political manoeuvrings in which both countries indulge, and the antipathies that mean the Sino-Japanese `special relationship' is far from trouble-free. This book should become an invaluable reference work for academics and students.


This book is the outcome of a conference organized by Brian Hook for The China Quarterly and held at The International House of Japan, Tokyo, in January 1990.

The papers of the conference were subsequently published as a special issue of the journal. The issue was well received and clearly represented a useful attempt to take a fresh look at Sino-Japanese issues at a moment when important developments were under way and new scholarship was appearing in the field.

In planning the original work we were particularly concerned with two objectives. One was to relate analysis of contemporary developments to an adequate historical background. The other was to encourage a wide range of disciplinary representatives to contribute. We believe that we substantially achieved both those objectives and the final result was also much improved by the presence at the conference of a number of distinguished specialists and practitioners who commented on the papers. In particular we had help from Professor Takafusa Nakamura, Professor Shigeru Ishikawa, Professor Chalmers Johnson and guests from the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. We also had the benefit of contributions by our hosts, Dr Michio Nagai, Chairman of The International House and former Minister of Education, and Dr Mikio Kato, then the Associate Managing Director of The International House.

Although by academic standards our original publication is still a relatively recent one, this is a field where events move with exceptional speed. Three developments have been of particular significance since 1990. The first relates to Tiananmen. At the time of our conference, a bare six months had elapsed since that tragic massacre of students in Beijing. The massacre had an immediate impact on every aspect of China's international relations and, for Japan, as part of the international community but at the same time actively engaged in negotiations for long-term economic aid, these events were particularly traumatic and difficult.

Second, the working out of relationships with China after Tiananmen has taken place in a new, post Cold War world. Two milestones along this new way have been the Gulf War of 1991 and President Clinton's commitment to the Asia Pacific Region at Seattle in 1993. Thus Sino-Japanese relations continue to be far more than a bilateral problem and now involve more intensely than ever a whole series of balancing exercises with partners whose relative importance and roles are changing all the time.

Finally, the past four years have seen an acceleration of Chinese economic growth and a strong re-commitment to an "Open Door" policy in economic relations. In particular, after years of relative stagnation, foreign direct investment, loans, and portfolio investment in China have all boomed. A crucial role in this has been played by the intermediation of . . .

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