Delinquency in India: A Comparative Analysis

Delinquency in India: A Comparative Analysis

Delinquency in India: A Comparative Analysis

Delinquency in India: A Comparative Analysis

Excerpt

Most of the research and theory on crime and delinquency phenomena has centered on North America, particularly the United States, and Western European nations. While the amount of research conducted in other countries has increased in recent years, the limited attention devoted to criminal phenomena outside the Western Hemisphere has restricted both the scope of our knowledge and the depth of our comprehension. The few cross-national or comparative studies of crime and delinquency available today do suggest, however, that what we know about crime and the theories we have developed to explain it provide us with, at best, a very narrow and probably inaccurate understanding of the relationships among social structures, social processes, crime and delinquent behavior, and societal reaction to such behavior. Criminologists have, of course, long recognized the value of comparative inquiry and the extent to which our knowledge is enhanced by information derived from research in diverse societies; but there have been few opportunities to obtain such information.

Although no single study of delinquency outside the Western Hemisphere can address all the questions one might desire answered, the research reported in this book adds to the general body of cross- national information available to criminologists. Hopefully the analysis of a number of aspects of delinquency and its control in India will increase our understanding of crime and delinquency phenomena as such.

India is an ideal locality for conducting such an analysis. Poised on the brink of modernization and industrial development, the nation combines the socioeconomic characteristics of feudalism and modern individualism, of democratic government and the vestiges of colonial . . .

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