Policing the Conflict in South Africa

Policing the Conflict in South Africa

Policing the Conflict in South Africa

Policing the Conflict in South Africa

Synopsis

"Vividly articulates the crucial importance of the police in symbolizing, implementing, and assuring democracy... should counter the complacency of political leaders and police administrators in societies which, while not formally segregated, contain minority groups who are appreciably deprived in political, economic, and social terms."--Jerome E. McElroy, executive director, New York City Criminal Justice Agency
Contents
Introduction: An Outline of South African Reform since February 1990, by David Welsh
Part I. Policing in South Africa: The Past and Present Our Policing Heritage: The Major Problems, by Pierre Olivier
The Principles and Problems of Policing in a Changing South Africa, by M. van Eyk
Popular Perceptions of Policing among Blacks in South Africa Today, by Penuell Maduna
Perspectives on Policing, by Gavin Woods
Part II. The Reform of Policing in South Africa: Principles, Policies, and Comparisons
The Structure, Membership, and Control of the Police in a New South Africa, by Philip B. Heymann
New Police for a New South Africa: The Lessons from the United States, by Hubert Williams
The Role of the Police in a Democratic South Africa, by Lee P. Brown The Development of the Exclusionary Rule in the United States and Its Impact on Police Deviance and Accountability, by Fletcher N. Baldwin, Jr.
Police Deviance and Accountability, by Clifford D. Shearing
The Police in a New South Africa: Accountability and Control, by Nicholas Haysom
From a Police Force to a Police Service: The New Namibian Police, by Laurie Nathan
Some Questions on the Policing of Mass Demonstrations and Riot Control, by Richard Goldstone
Public Order Policing in Britain, by P. A. J. Waddington
The Policing of Mass Demonstrations and Riot Control in Great Britain, by Avrom Sherr
The History and Development of Policing in Northern Ireland, by John D. Brewer
Re-educating the South African Police: Comparative Lessons, by John D. Brewer The first comprehensive analysis of policing in South Africa brings together the sharply conflicting views of representatives of the major parties involved: the African National Congress, the Pan Africanist Congress, the Inkatha Freedom Party, and the South African Police. They are joined by internationally recognized experts on policing to examine this contentious, if not explosive, issue in South African politics.
The result demonstrates the sociological truth that public order is the product of a society's historical, cultural, social, and political structures and processes, rather than of the power or strategies of its police. M. L. Mathews is advocate of the Supreme Court of South Africa in Pietermaritzburg. Philip B. Heymann is James Barr Ames Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and director of its Center for Criminal Justice. A. S. Mathews is James Scott Wylie Professor of Law at the University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg and director of the Centre for Criminal Justice, Pietermaritzburg.

Excerpt

The conference out of which this publication arose was a product of the vision that the policing of conflict in South Africa constituted a cluster of problems whose resolution would be critical to a successful transition to a stable and democratic order in South Africa. Three institutions gave concrete backing to that vision, and to the need to begin unraveling the problems associated with it, by awarding grants to fund the conference and the publication of its papers and findings. the editors wish to thank these institutions--the Ford Foundation, the United States Agency for International Development, and the Canadian Dialogue Fund--for their financial support for what did indeed emerge as a transitional issue bedeviled with difficulties and intricacies far surpassing the untying of the Gordian knot. While this volume was in the press, a policing issue--the arrest of a large number of the leaders of the Pan Africanist Congress and its military wing (Apla)--threatened to undermine multiparty negotiations for a new constitution. Moreover, as long as these negotiations continue, the policing of social conflict, and the control and management of the security forces, will remain one of the most crucial issues for resolution. We hope that this volume will make a useful contribution to putting the management of conflict onto a sound and sensible basis. If it does, our financial sponsors will be owed a debt of gratitude by all South Africans.

We also wish to thank the highly professional and helpful staff of the University Press of Florida who made publication as smooth and pleasurable as it could possibly be. Finally, we express our grateful thanks to Val Kennard, who typed and retyped the original manuscript until it reached its present state of (we hope) perfection.

Mary Mathews

Philip Heymann

Anthony Mathews . . .

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