The Stalin File

The Stalin File

The Stalin File

The Stalin File


Stalin could afford to spend his time in the mid-1920s doing battle with his political opponents as at that time there were no major problems to deal with in the Soviet Union. The country was back in the same good economic position that Imperial Russia had been in in 1913, just before the First World War. And there was no threat of invasion from abroad.

New Problems The Threat of War

However, by 1927 Stalin believed or said he believed that the Soviet Union was facing the threat of war. In an article in Pravda on 28 July 1927 he wrote:

Another imperialist war is unquestionably on the horizon. We refer not to some indefinite, vague "danger" of a new war but to the real and imminent threat of a new war in general, and of a war against the Soviet Union in particular . . . . England prefers wars fought by others . . . . Now and then she actually finds fools to pull her chestnuts out of the fire. The entire international situation, all the British government's operations against the Soviet Union -- it holds secret conferences with the Powers on a policy against the Soviet Union, it subsidizes the "émigré" governments of the Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaidzhan, Armenia, etc so as to instigate revolts in those republics of the Soviet Union, it finances groups of spies and terrorists to blow up bridges, set factories on fire, and terrorize Soviet legations abroad -- all this undoubtedly proves that the British Tory government has definitely and resolutely undertaken to start a war against the Soviet Union.

The "émigré" governments whom Stalin here accused the British Government of supporting were the former, non-communist governments of the Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaidzhan, etc, who had been sent into exile.

Poor relations with China

Also in 1927, the Russians were upset by the actions of the Kuomintang, the revolutionary movement which ruled China. In 1923, when the Kuomintang had been led by Sun Yat-sen, China and the Soviet Union had signed a Sino-Soviet Treaty, under which the Soviet Union undertook to help the Kuomintang to unite China and said it would not try to impose communism on the country. China then welcomed Soviet political and military advice. But in 1927, under its new leader Chiang Kai-shek, the Kuomintang began to kill communists in China, and at the end of the year relations between China and . . .

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