The Middle East and the Peace Process: The Impact of the Oslo Accords

The Middle East and the Peace Process: The Impact of the Oslo Accords

The Middle East and the Peace Process: The Impact of the Oslo Accords

The Middle East and the Peace Process: The Impact of the Oslo Accords

Synopsis

These essays analyze the impact of the Middle East peace process since 1993 on the countries most affected by it -- Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Egypt, and Syria -- and on the domestic politics and foreign policies of Turkey and the countries of the Persian Gulf and North Africa. The contributors, all international experts in their fields, also examine policies of the United States and Russia both as they affect the peace process and as the two countries pursue other interests in the Middle East.

Excerpt

The Middle East has long been one of the most volatile regions on the globe. Wars, coups d'état, rapid shifts in alliances and alignments, numerous intra-Arab, intrastate, and regional conflicts, and constant intervention by the superpowers have wracked the region since the first Arab-Israeli war in 1948. In an effort to increase public understanding of this complex region, the Center for the Study of Israel and the Contemporary Middle East was founded at Baltimore Hebrew University in 1977. It has held a series of conferences bringing together Middle Eastern specialists from various perspectives to analyze and discuss the region.

The first conference, held in 1978, examined the impact of the Arab- Israeli conflict on the Middle East, and the papers were later published as World Politics and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, edited by Robert O. Freedman (New York: Pergamon, 1979). The second conference, held in 1979 (two years into the administration of Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin), made a preliminary analysis of the dynamics of the Begin regime. Following the Israeli election of 1981, the papers were updated and published as Israel in the Begin Era, edited by Robert O. Freedman (New York: Praeger, 1982). The third conference, which took place in 1982, dealt with Middle Eastern developments in the period between the Camp David agreements of 1978 and the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982. These papers were published as The Middle East since Camp David, edited by Robert O. Freed man (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1984).

Just as the Camp David agreements marked a major turning point in the Middle East, so too did the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. For that reason, a fourth conference at Baltimore Hebrew University met three years after the invasion in order to analyze its impact on the Middle East. The papers were published as The Middle East after the Israeli Invasion of Lebanon, edited by Robert O. Freedman (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986). The Iran-Contra affair was yet another key event in Middle East politics that had major ramifications throughout the region, and a fifth conference was . . .

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