Legal Aspects of School Board Operation

Legal Aspects of School Board Operation

Legal Aspects of School Board Operation

Legal Aspects of School Board Operation

Excerpt

The local school board is a unique structural feature of education in the United States. Well over two hundred thousand citizens comprise the approximately fifty thousand bodies responsible for public education in their respective districts. Nine out of ten members of local boards are elected directly by the voters of the district. The others are appointed by individuals or groups popularly elected, such as the mayor and town council.

Certainly those who serve on school boards, or contemplate doing so, must be aware of the law as it pertains to local school operation. If they are not, the result at best is impaired efficiency; at worst, it is serious legal entanglements.

But anyone concerned in any way with the schools should be alert to the basic legal rights, duties, privileges, and responsibilities entailed in the public school enterprise. The stake in good public education of school administrators, teachers and other employees, parents, and citizens-atlarge is so great and so dependent on legal considerations that a general knowledge of this field is essential.

It is the purpose of this volume to present the minimum essentials of the legal aspects of local school operation in such a way that the reader will be able to get both a general feeling for the process of the law as it affects education and also certain important specific information. Obviously the material that follows is selective. The bases of selection have been primarily importance of the items to local school operation and general applicability of the principles discussed. The frame of reference is that of the powers of the local school board. This approach, while encompassing the many areas covered by the chapter titles, necessarily causes some important legal concerns to be treated only briefly or not at all.

This volume presents the law as it is. The authors have endeavored to analyze and synthesize judicial interpretations of constitutions, statutes . . .

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