Hitler and His Generals: The Hidden Crisis, January-June 1938

Hitler and His Generals: The Hidden Crisis, January-June 1938

Hitler and His Generals: The Hidden Crisis, January-June 1938

Hitler and His Generals: The Hidden Crisis, January-June 1938

Excerpt

Opposition took many forms and came from every quarter in the Reich of Adolf Hitler. The National Socialist regime directed its appeals to all sections of the population but also inflicted mortal injury on the interests and ideals of uncounted men and women. The honor role of those who resisted or at least took no part in its support is long and varied.

For those who ventured on the perilous road of conspiracy, the experience became an exercise in futility in most instances. The military sector, which had some control over soldiers, along with its civilian allies alone had any prospect of bringing plans to fruition. This central fact and the high drama of July 20, 1944, explain what some regard as the disproportionate preoccupation of historians with the military elements among those who were in opposition. Doubtless their part of the story has been the most intensively researched. Perhaps for this reason there is also great awareness of what remains to be done.

Except for the immediate background of the bomb attempt on Hitler in 1944, the attention of postwar historians has dwelt most heavily on what is essentially only prelude -- the Wehrmacht crisis of 1938 that eliminated from their posts Generals von Blomberg and von Fritsch, the War Minister and the Army commander in chief. Hitler managed at the time to keep the very existence of a major crisis in high military circles hidden from both the public and a large part of the general officer corps. Interest was that much greater when the basic facts became known after 1945. The extensive amount of publication which followed included two excellent studies, those of Fritsch's own nephew, Count Johann Adolf Kielmansegg . . .

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