Polish Postwar Economy

Polish Postwar Economy

Polish Postwar Economy

Polish Postwar Economy

Excerpt

This study seeks to appraise the character of Polish economic planning and its success in solving problems of economic development. The inquiry is focused on developments after World War II, especially after 1946; however, for purposes of background and comparison, Polish economic development up to 1939 and the effects of World War II are included. Major portions of the study deal with the evolution and ideology of the postwar government as a determinant of economic policy; the extension of state control over factors of production, sectors of production, and consumers; the administration of the planned economy; and planning and performance in the economy as a whole and in major sectors of activity. An attempt is made to take account of economic changes through 1953 and of economic plans through 1955, the end of the current Polish Six-Year Plan. The study is restricted primarily to comparisons within the Polish economy, but inasmuch as Polish economic organization and planning have been patterned increasingly on the Soviet model, it has been found illuminating to refer at times to the Russian experience.

For the most part the information in this study has been drawn from Polish publications, which in the postwar period were either published directly by state enterprises or otherwise under strict control of the Polish government. In both instances the publications reflect the government's policy of withholding much economic information which would be freely available in countries outside the Soviet sphere. Despite the serious difficulty posed by this restriction, the writer believes that enough information is available to describe the economic system and to analyze its performance in broad outline. The reader will find quantitative information in this volume both in the form of Polish official indexes for sectors of economic activity and as physical measures for selected items. In general, the writer believes that more confidence can be placed in the physical measures than in the value aggregates and that the official indexes . . .

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