Clinical and counseling psychology is a dynamic and burgeoning field. Although the number of its practitioners is growing rapidly, the demand for trained personnel is far outrunning the supply. This book has been designed as a tool for training the needed men and women. Intended as a preview of the profession, it is a textbook for the introductory course in clinical and/or counseling psychology.
I have also been mindful that students and professional workers in such fields as medicine, psychiatry, social work, nursing, education, speech pathology, and religion may want to investigate clinical and counseling psychology in search of ideas that can be applied in their own work. Lecturing to the general public has shown me that many laymen are eager to learn what a psychologist is, what he does, and how he can serve them. I have tried to present the material in such a way that it will be found comprehensible, stimulating, and informative also by readers who are not specialists in psychology.
Necessarily in a survey of so vast a field, the analysis of some topics will not include the amount of detail that a reader may want. This problem has been met by listing, in a bibliography at the end of each chapter, specific books and articles that deal more comprehensively with each topic, so that the reader can pursue his individual interests in a more intensive and exhaustive fashion. Since the references are cued into the text itself so as to make an annotated guidebook to the vast body of literature in the field, the volume should be helpful in more advanced study. The extensive Glossary should also be useful to many readers.
My approach to the subject matter has been greatly influenced by my own experience. I was trained in the field of psychology generally, not primarily as a specialist in one area. I have worked not only as a teacher but also as an experimental psychophysiologist, a speech pathologist, a school psychologist, a communications specialist, an aviation psychologist, a classification specialist; in human engineering, in educational counseling; and as an administrator of a university training program in clinical, counseling, and school clinical psychology. This background has led me to emphasize in the following pages the broad base of psychology and the similarity in function of clinical, counseling, and school psychology.
It has also led me to emphasize that the subject matter of psychology is human behavior. The ultimate purpose of all clinical and counseling procedures is the alteration of a person's behavior into more constructive channels. Techniques of testing and assessment are ways of . . .