Contemporary Readings in Logical Theory

Contemporary Readings in Logical Theory

Contemporary Readings in Logical Theory

Contemporary Readings in Logical Theory

Excerpt

Textbooks of modern logic tend to devote most of their space to the development of logical techniques and the construction of systems of logic. Consequently, they can pay little attention to the history of their subject, to problems of logical theory, or to the newest directions logic is taking. But fruitful classroom discussion must deal with the theory or philosophy of logic rather than with its techniques -- which, as techniques, are scarcely debatable. This book of readings is designed to serve as a supplementary textbook in a course in symbolic logic. Its intended function is to furnish the bases and stimulation for classroom discussion of logical issues.

Not every question of logical theory can be considered in a single volume. Our principle of selection was to include those topics that have aroused the greatest interest among modern logicians, provided that readable essays were available for their presentation. Each part contains essays by distinguished logicians. In some parts the various essays serve to supplement each other -- the two historical essays in Part 1, the three essays on the purposes and limitations of formalization in Part 2, and the three essays on deontic logic in Part 8. In all the other parts the essays set forth alternative analyses or theories, often in vigorously polemical language. These essays should help to kindle the dialogue so essential to real learning.

The editors wish to thank many friends for helpful suggestions. They are particularly indebted to Professor Henry W. Johnstone, Jr., of The Pennsylvania State University and to Professor Ruth Barcan Marcus of the University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, who read an early version of the manuscript and made very useful comments. Warm thanks are also due to Mr. John D. Moore and Mr. Ronald C. Harris of The Macmillan Company for their wise counsel and expert professional advice. Finally, appreciation must be expressed to Amelia Copi and Margaret Ruth Copi for their help in the labor of reading proof.

I.M.C.

J.A.G.

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