Some of the essays in this volume have appeared in recent numbers of various periodicals. The essays on "Mark Twain" and Thomas Hardy were originally printed in the North American Review; those on "Mrs. Ward" and "Rudyard Kipling," in the Forum; those on "Alfred Ollivant," "Björnstjerne Björnson," and Novels as a University Study, In the Independent. The same magazine contained a portion of the present essay on "Lorna Doone," while the article on The Teacher's Attitude toward Contemporary Literature was written for the Chicago Interior. My friend, Mr. Andrew Keogh, Reference Librarian of Yale University, has been kind enough to prepare the List of Publications, thereby increasing my debt to him for many previous favours.
W. L. P.
YALE UNIVERSITY, Tuesday. 5 October, 1909 . . .
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