Instruction: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives

Instruction: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives

Instruction: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives

Instruction: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives

Synopsis

Instruction highlights the ongoing research of military and academic communities--research aimed at developing new approaches in the instruction of complex intellectual processes and skills. Representative work includes learning procedural tasks, learning text comprehension processes in various environments, and technological factors relevant to developing training materials for computerized environments. New domains such as learning map interpretation skills are also covered. This major collaborative effort was supported by the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center in California.

Excerpt

Research aimed at development of new approaches to instruction/training of complex intellectual processes and skills occupies a central place in psychology and education. Theoretical and applied issues provide considerable impetus for research. This book was assembled to highlight ongoing efforts being pursued by the military and academic research and development community.

Advances in instruction should have clear theoretical underpinnings. That is, researchers need to understand the nature of mental representations if they are to know what to train. This document contains representative work in the area of instruction, such as learning procedural tasks and learning text-comprehension processes in various environments, including computer-managed instructional settings. a variety of technological factors relevant to developing training materials for use in computerized environments also is considered. in addition, domains of recent interest, such as learning map interpretation skills, are included.

Preparation of this book was a major collaborative effort supported by the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center in San Diego, California. Researchers at major military personnel research organizations and universities were invited to contribute summaries of their work. Research conducted at the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, the Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, and the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center is among work summarized in this book.

Several individuals played major roles in coordinating this effort. Dr. John J. Pass, formerly with the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, was the primary initiator and coordinator for this publication. Drs. Edwin G. Aiken, Richard C. Sorenson, and Pat-Anthony Federico, also from the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, were highly facilitative in producing this publication.

Preparation of this document was funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Accessions Directorate), a faculty fellowship from the American Society for Engineering Education, and a Spencer Fellowship from the National Academy of Education.

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