Deepening and Widening

Deepening and Widening

Deepening and Widening

Deepening and Widening

Excerpt

This is the fourth volume in a series, sponsored by the Community Studies Association (ECSA), that combines a short- and a longer-term glance back at Europe's regional integration process and also evaluates and assesses its direction and momentum.

As one of several projects of ECSA, this series is directed at a growing number of people throughout the world interested in the European integration experiment of nearly half a century. The goals of ECSA include promoting the study of the EU by aiding research projects and other collaborative work among its members and other EU students; ameliorating connections between ECSA and its organizational working parts, especially in Europe; publishing the ECSA Review; holding workshops and conferences and organizing sessions and panels at both its own biennial conferences and other professional gatherings; and funding teaching and research on the EU. The overall objective is to develop a closely knit community of teachers, scholars, and policy practitioners that raises the level of knowledge about European integration.

This volume was prepared and edited on the eve of and during the early months of the 1996 Intergovernmental Conference (IGC). The purpose of the IGC was to make an evaluation of the functioning of the EU since the enforcement on 1 November 1993 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), signed at Maastricht, and to examine how the EU can be consolidated and strengthened. Articles B and N of the TEU make explicit reference to the 1996 IGC -- in particular, Article B is formulated in broad terms and refers to "policies and forms of cooperation introduced by this Treaty" that may need to be revised in an IGC that "shall be convened in 1996." The 1995 Reflection Group established for that purpose and chaired by Carlos Westendorp suggested that the 1996 IGC should pursue three main goals: bring Europe closer to its citizens, allow the Union to function better in order to prepare for enlargement, and give the Union greater . . .

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