The Study of Personality: A Book of Readings

The Study of Personality: A Book of Readings

The Study of Personality: A Book of Readings

The Study of Personality: A Book of Readings

Excerpt

The Study of Personality is a survey of original articles on theory, methods, and problems concerning personality. These articles have been selected from the fields of cultural anthropology, clinical psychology, experimental psychology, social psychology, sociology, and scientific method. One purpose of the collection is to show the student how much variety there is in research activity touching on personality, and to introduce him to original reports on this activity.

Another reason for the collection is to compensate for the reinterpretation of research ordinarily found in a basic personality textbook. If the student is to develop the habit of critical thinking prerequisite to research work, the general text is not enough, since it interprets findings within a restricted framework. A collection of original research reports and theoretical articles presenting diverse points of view can supplement his text and lectures, and offer him an opportunity to learn how to make his own evaluations.

Because of these purposes, The Study of Personality differs from other collections of readings both in emphasis and organization. The collection of Kluckhohn, Murray, and Schneider, for instance, emphasizes clinical methods and problems, and that of Haring cultural anthropology. As a consequence, Kluckholn, Murray, Schneider and Haring have not included the contributions of experimental psychology, sociology, and social psychology in all their variety. In Kluckhohn, Murray, and Schneider, the articles are classified into the constitutional determinants, the group- memberships determinants, the role, and the situational determinants. In Haring, they are classified by the general description Personal Character and Cultural Milieu.

In The Study of Personality, the classification follows the steps which might be employed in an investigation. Generally in an investigation a theory generates hypotheses; these hypotheses are tested by a set of procedures; the findings are interpreted; and further research problems are generated. The book has therefore been divided into three main divisions, entitled Theory, Methods, and Problems. Each of the three main divisions includes representatives from clinical, experimental, and social psychology, from anthropology, and from sociology.

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