A History of New Testament Times in Palestine, 175 B.C.-70 A.D

A History of New Testament Times in Palestine, 175 B.C.-70 A.D

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A History of New Testament Times in Palestine, 175 B.C.-70 A.D

A History of New Testament Times in Palestine, 175 B.C.-70 A.D

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CHAPTER I

THE JEWS UNDER THE SELEUCIDÆ1

Alexander and Judea -- Organisation and Extent of Judea -- Threefold Development in Jewish Life: (1) The Wisdom Literature; (2) Ritualism and the High Priest. Hellenism in the Priesthood; (3) Legalism. The Chasidim.

CHAPTER II

ANTIOCHUS EPIPHANES AND THE LOSS OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY13

The Taxes under Antiochus IV -- His First Attacks upon Judea -- Persecution of the Jews -- Results of the Persecution: Growth of the Canon; Impulse to Messianic Hope; Revolt of Mattathias.

CHAPTER III

JUDAS MACCABÆUS AND THE REËESTABLISHMENT OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY (165-161 B.C.)23

Judas -- His Early Victories -- Restoration of the Temple Worship -- Political Ambitions of Judas -- Later Relations of Judas with (1) the Chasidim and (2) Rome -- His Death.

CHAPTER IV

JONATHAN AND THE BEGINNINGS OF NATIONALITY (161- 143 B.C.)36

First Reverses of Jonathan -- Status of the Asmoneans -- Jonathan made High Priest by Alexander Balas -- Rapid Rise of Jonathan -- His Death.

CHAPTER V

SIMON AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF JUDAISM (143-135 B.C.)47

Early Career and Character of Simon -- Independence all but gained -- Made Hereditary High Priest -- General Character of his Reign -- His Last Years.

CHAPTER VI

JOHN HYRCANUS AND POLITICAL INDEPENDENCE (135- 105 B.C.)59

Danger from Antiochus Sidetes -- Victories of John -- The Pharisees -- The Sadducees -- John's Change of Party -- Development of Judaism -- The Essenes.

CHAPTER VII

THE STRUGGLE OF THE PHARISEES WITH THE ASMONEANS AND THE SADDUCEES (105-69 B.C.)75

Aristobulus -- Alexander Jannæus and the Pharisees: Reasons for their Struggle; Course of the Struggle; Triumph of the Monarchy; Literature of Alexander's Reign; the Messianic Hope -- Alexandra and the Pharisaic Reaction.

CHAPTER VIII

THE ROMAN CONQUEST OF JUDEA91

Defeat of Hyrcanus II by Aristobulus II -- The Appeal to Pompey -- The Fall of Jerusalem and the Reorganisation of Judea -- New Phase in Development of Pharisaism, Sadducceism, and the Messianic Hope.

CHAPTER IX

THE RISE OF THE HOUSE OF ANTIPATER100

Antipater -- Cæsar and Judea -- Judea under Hyrcanus II and the House of Antipater.

CHAPTER X

HEROD I AND THE CHANGE OF DYNASTY108

Revolt of Antigonus -- Herod conquers his Kingdom -- Allied Kings -- Significance of the Reign of Herod -- His Destruction of the

Asmonean House -- His Years of Prosperity -- The Years of Struggle over the Succession -- Herod's Death.

CHAPTER XI

ARCHELAUS (4 B.C.-6 A.D.)130

Disorders after the Death of Herod -- The Decision of Augustus -- The Reign and End of Archelaus.

CHAPTER XII

PALESTINE UNDER THE ROMANS AND THE TETRARCHS136

(1) The Province of Judea: Samaria, Judea Proper, Idumea. The Fiscal Powers of the Procurators;

Taxes and Customs; the Military and Judicial Powers of the Procurators. Local Courts. The Sanhedrin -- (2) The Tetrarchy of Philip. Philip -- (3) The Tetrarchy of Herod Antipas: Galilee and Perea. Galilee and the Galileans. Perea. Herod Antipas. Herodias -- (4) The Decapolis and Greek

Influence in General.

CHAPTER XIII

THE MESSIANIC HOPE AND JESUS THE MESSIAH159

General Character of Jewish Religious Life -- Scribism -- The Messianic Hope and the Kingdom of God -- Literary Messianism -- Popular

Messianism -- Jesus and the New Messianism: Jesus; his Opposition to Pharisaism; his Work; his Death; the Church.

CHAPTER XIV

HEROD AGRIPPA I AND HEROD AGRIPPA II181

Persecution of the Christians -- Agrippa I at Rome -- His Character as King -- Agrippa II.

CHAPTER XV

THE FALL OF JUDEA AND THE RISE OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH190

Judea under the Procurators -- Outbreak of the the Great Revolt -- The War in Galilee -- Civil War in Jerusalem -- The Siege of Jerusalem -- The

Spread of Christianity.

APPENDIX A

A GENEALOGICAL TABLE OF THE SELEUCID FAMILY209

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